Spies are often portrayed as mysterious and intriguing, especially in Hollywood but the realities are often quite different. It can be a dangerous and treacherous action to take part in and can have the most dire consequences. Spying in the past was probably not as easy as it is now with all the technology we have available to us such as listening devices, mobile phones, video recorders, tiny hidden cameras and Body Worn Cameras. For more information, visit http://www.pinnacleresponse.com/body-cameras-and-the-law/. Here we take a look at some of the most famous spies of all time.
Mata Hari is one of the most famous spies of World War 1. She was a prostitute for the upper classes, otherwise known as an exotic dancer who spied for the Germans while living in Paris. She worked with high-ranking military men and as she was Dutch, a neutral nation, she was granted an audience with some very high up people indeed. She was intercepted by French intelligence in 1917 and shot by firing squad for espionage.
Aldrich Ames was a former CIA agent who turned spy in 1985. He was stationed in Turkey and was tasked with recruiting Soviet intelligence officers but must have been attracted by some lucrative offers as he began to offer up US secrets instead. Ames had access to CIA employee information who were active in the KGB and told the Soviets who they were. 100 agents were compromised and at least 10 were killed. It was his greed that became his undoing as the CIA began to notice his luxury home and sports car. Caught in 1994, he was sentenced to life in prison.
During the Cold War, married couple Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were American Communists who decided to pass nuclear secrets to the Russians. They were executed in 1953. Julius was recruited by the KGB in 1942 and over the years he passed over classified reports and designs to the KGB including a design that was used to shoot down a U-2 in 1960. He was aided by his brother-in-law who was a sergeant. They were the only civilians to be executed during the Cold War.
The ‘Black Panther’ was a man named Frederick Joubert Duquesne who acted as a spy for the German during both World Wars. He absolutely despised the British as a result of their treatment of Boer women and children. He relayed secrets about Allied weapons and shipping movements to the German forces. He is blamed for the sinking of HMS Hampshire in 1916 which was taking Lord Kitchener to Russia. He managed a gang of spies known as the Duquesne Spy Ring which had 33 members. In total, they received 300 years in prison.
Another famous female spy was Virginia Hall who was known as ‘Artemis’ in Germany. She was an incredibly brave American lady who worked with the Special Operations Executive during WWII and later the CIA. She helped the French resistance in Vichy and was despised and feared by the Gestapo. All this and she only had one leg!